Hancock, New Hampshire, USA
Meher Baba outside the Hancock Inn.
The photo in Lord Meher was incorrectly mentioned as been taken in London, UK.
People wanted to establish a retreat in America in Meher Baba's name. Cath Gardner wanted to turn over to the Master her one-hundred-acre, wooded estate called Greenfield in Hancock, New Hampshire, to use as a retreat. Baba liked the idea and drove there to see the place on November 23rd. It was a beautiful spot surrounded by mountains and meadows. It had an old farmhouse with ten rooms. Although the original idea was to create a center there for him, the plan never materialized.
Lord Meher ; Bhau Kalchuri - Vol.4 p1486
THE HOUSE ACROSS THE STREET FROM THE INN / HOTEL
VIEWS OF HANCOCK TOWN
It is suggested that Cath Gardner owned 2 properties, one in Hancock and the other at Greenfield, NH.
"Greenfield " Hancock, New Hampshire, USA
Cath Gardner gave this property to Meher Baba in 1931. A few years later, the property was returned to her.
Click on the under-lined names for more information
A Search in Secret New Hampshire
Journeying to Meher Baba's First American Spiritual Center"
by Kenneth Lux
Meher Baba meetings regularly occur in either the Southern Maine area, in York, a short way above the Maine-New Hampshire border or in Portsmouth, just below the border. Regardless of where it meets, we have always referred to our group as the New Hampshire Group. In the back of the minds of some of us had been the sleeping awareness that Meher Baba had once made a trip to New Hampshire. It happened in connection with his visit to Boston in 1931, during His first visit to America.
At one point in the Fall of 1994 we got the urge to look further into what Meher Baba's visit to New Hampshire was about. Over a period of at least a couple of months we looked for references to this visit in the Meher Baba literature. Our starting point was this reference in Lord Meher. What struck us about this was mention of a farm in New Hampshire as a spiritual center for Meher Baba. This first idea for a centre didn't materialize, but eventually, of course, a centre for Meher Baba in the United States came to be, in Myrtle Beach. The reference is as follows:
People wanted to establish a retreat in America in Meher Baba's name. Cath Gardner wanted to turn over to the Master her one hundred acre wooded estate called Greenfields in Hancock, New Hampshire, to use as a retreat. Meher Baba liked the idea and drove there to see the place on November 23 1931. It was a beautiful spot surrounded by mountains and meadows. It had an old farmhouse with ten rooms. Although the original idea was to create a center there for him, the plan never materialized. ( Lord Meher p. 1486 )
A host of questions naturally arose. Is the farm or estate still in existence? Why wasn't the spiritual centre established there? And who is Cath Gardner? Why hadn't we heard any more about her after this reference to events during Meher Baba's first trip to America in 1931? Along with these questions there immediately arose in me the sense that this site had a special energy or presence of Meher Baba for us in New Hampshire.
Hancock, New Hampshire, is a small town on the other side of the state, about three and a half hours from my home town of Auburn, Maine, and about two hours from where our group met. So, we couldn't readily just hop over there and look around, and when we did go there we wanted to know as much as possible about the site.
One of the people in our group had parents who lived not that far from New Hampshire, and were knowledgeable about searching in town records and deeds. Though not being Meher Baba lovers, they were somewhat intrigued by the story and readily agreed to go to Hancock and do the preliminary search. In the meantime, others of us combed back through the Meher Baba literature to find out what more we could about this. The first natural place to turn was Jean Adriel's book, Avatar, since it was a detailed account of those early days in America with Meher Baba. References to Meher Baba and Hancock were found there, but these were eventually overshadowed by the fuller account covering the same material in Malcolm Schloss's diaries (Jean's husband).
Naosherwan Anzar in Glow International had previously published these in the November, 1991 issue. There is quite a story of the discovery of this manuscript of Malcolm, long considered lost, and this is also recounted in that issue. Malcolm and Jean were among the very first people in America to hear about Meher Baba and meet him. Malcolm ran a spiritual bookstore in New York called The North Node. In connection with the bookstore, Malcolm, Jean and a group of friends and associates had set up a variety of spiritual practices and pursuits which they called, curiously enough, “The New Life Creative Activities,” or, “The New Life experiment.” In the winter of 1931 someone named Richard Mayer came into the bookstore and told Malcolm about a retreat that he knew of in England run by a Meredith Starr that had an almost identical structure and outlook as to the New Life group, and in connection with that, Mayer told Malcolm of Meher Baba, whom he had naturally heard of in connection with Meredith's group.
It turned out that there was a Theosophical group in Boston which had heard about The New Life experiment, and was interested in conducting themselves along the same lines. They invited Malcolm there for a talk, and at present at that meeting was Richard Mayer as well as Thomas Watson, the collaborator with Alexander Graham Bell on the invention of the telephone. Watson had a protege named Milo Shattuck who had spent some time at Meredith Starr's retreat in England.
During the summer of 1931, a member of the Boston group, Cath Gardner, had invited Malcom, Jean, and others to live on her estate in Hancock, and to conduct the New Life experiment, although Gardner herself had still not arrived from California where she was living. As Malcom writes, when he drove up to first see the farm, which was called Greenfields, “I fell in love with it at once.” Also at that time, the North Node bookstore was folding for financial reasons. While Malcolm and Jean were in Hancock that summer, Milo Shattuck, had come up to New Hamsphire to visit his friend, the writer, Mary Antin, who was spending the summer at the artist and writers MacDowell Colony in nearby Peterborough. She told Milo about the New Life experiment and he was interested in going to Hancock and meeting the people living there. Within an hour he was there, telling Malcolm and Jean about Meredith Starr's retreat and about Meher Baba, although Milo had not yet met Him. Then, in September, with the Schloss's back in a borrowed apartment in New York, they and the others in their group heard that Meher Baba would be coming to America soon.
So, not only was it to be that Meher Baba would soon arrive in America and visit the farm in Hancock, but it was in Hancock that essentially the only awareness of Meher Baba in America was focused before His arrival. As Malcolm writes, “It must have been a week or so before Meher Baba's arrival that I began to wonder how the various members of the Hancock group would react to Meher Baba when he came.”
So, in all of America, it was “the Hancock group” that was aware of and anticipating His arrival. What Malcolm says next in his diary about his wondering how his group (including himself) would react to Meher Baba becomes especially fascinating: “Just as I was about to go into meditation, I found myself visualizing each of the members of the group in succession. Nothing happened until, in my review, I reached Cath Gardner. Then suddenly, she stood before me in a blaze of glory, radiant with light. I was thrilled, of course, but a bit surprised as well — for at that time I would have thought Cath the least likely, of all the group, to respond. But Cath it was who did respond most fully — who did stand forth in splendour — once she had experienced Meher Baba's love.”
This passage certainly raised the intrigue about Cath Gardner to an even higher level. Why did Malcolm say she was the least likely to respond to Meher Baba? And, if she did in fact respond so strongly, where has she gone in the Meher Baba history?
In the late Spring of 1995, the parents of the Meher Baba lover in our group, had finally had the opportunity to go to Hancock, and visit both the historical society and the town office. They had been delayed for months in trying to do this. Not surprisingly, no one there had ever heard of Meher Baba, but furthermore they had not heard of Cath Gardner. Inquiry with some of the knowledgeable people in the area, yielded information about what did appear to be the farm and land we were seeking. It had been a residence for many years. The deeds and town maps traced it back to the Daniels family who had purchased it from a Catherine Gardner Mayes in 1935, the buyer's address being listed as Mare Island, California. The Daniels family then inhabited the farm, and then by inheritance, the land went to an Ernest Klein, who was listed as living in Boston. Furthermore, according to the information obtained, a daughter or daughters of Ernest Klein were presently living on the property. We even obtained a town map with an “ x marks the spot.”
So, Cath Gardner had evidently married and had moved back to California. What about the Daniels family and then the Klein family? Did they know of Meher Baba, and did they know the history of their property? Before going to Hancock we attempted to speak to the Kleins' but were not successful. We would have to show up unannounced. However, we were able to arrange to meet with several helpful and interested members of the town historical society. We didn't want to arrive en masse as a group in Hancock, so we planned that on a certain Saturday in September Naosherwan Anzar, Mahrukh and I (Nosh and Mahrukh coming up from New Jersey and staying in New Hampshire) would meet at the historical society in Hancock with those helpful town residents. Among other things, we brought with us photocopies of a picture that was taken, and was in Malcolm's collection, of Meher Baba in Hancock, and we subsequently gave those to these residents.
As I said, I had a four hour distance to cover to arrive in Hancock. While driving, I found myself questioning why I was doing this? I had no idea if we would find anything of interest. I also had some anxiety about this whole quest. We most likely would appear quite wierd to any of the people there that we might meet. I had originally felt that this land might contain a special energy. But would it really? Then it came to me, or at least I consoled myself with the thought, that this was a pilgrimage, and that is ultimately what it meant and why I was doing it. A pilgrimage is a pilgrimage and doesn't need to yield “results.”
I pulled into the town limits of Hancock somewhat ahead of the planned meeting time with Naosherwan and Mahrukh. As I drove towards what evidently was the centre of town, I noticed a cemetery off the road and up a hill. I decided to drive into it. There weren't a lot of grave markers in it, and a brief drive through it brought me to a section that turned out to be the plot of the Daniels' family. On one of their tombstones was the epitaph, stated in these words and spelling: “And we ben pilgrims.”
With the above experience giving me a renewed charge of energy I went to find the historical society for our meeting. The get together with the three or so helpful Hancock residents that I had previously spoken with on the phone was cordial and yielded us the information that we needed, that the house and land in question was the right place, and that one of them would take us to where it was. During our discussion, one of them made an interesting remark. When we showed them the Hancock photo of Meher Baba, she said, “Oh, that's just the kind of man that Elsa Tudor would have met.” We were soon to find out the significance of this.
They drove us to the house, located up on Norway Hill Road, and then went on their way, after noting that it looked like one of the residents was around. There was a bicycle propped up against a tree, and the inside front door of the house was open with only a glass plate outside storm door closing the house. The house was a somewhat large white New England farm house with what may have been new vinyl siding that had been put on at some point. Although certainly not crowded in on this country road, there were nevertheless other houses nearby, perhaps at least one as part of this property, and the setting was one that was typical of small town New England suburbs. On the grounds right nearby the house was a built-in swimming pool. What might have been extensive fields at one time, were now wooded in, and those woods were about 30 yards or so behind the house.
Standing there and looking at the house and area for the first time, this object of a quest stretching over almost a year, I found myself disappointed. I did not feel any special energy nor any sense of Meher Baba's presence. I had to repeat to myself mentally that this was the place Meher Baba visited and was considering establishing a Centre in order to try to give myself some sense that there was something significant about my being there.
With some sense of tenuousness the three of us approached the front storm door. We knocked, and waited. No one answered. We peered in through the glass. It was dark inside and we couldn't see very clearly, but we could make out a rather large living room that still retained the look of the old farmhouse. After waiting there for a few more moments we went back to the road where our two cars were parked. What to do now? I told Naosherwan and Mahruukh about the cemetery and we decided to go there so that they could see it, and then, perhaps, when we came back the resident would have returned. So, we took a slow drive through some of the back roads of Hancock to find our way to the cemetery, and then once at the cemetery we took our time walking around and tried to figure out the various relationships of the Daniels and Klein families.
After taking up as much time as we could we again slowly made our way back to the house. Alas, when we arrived everything was the same and no one was at the house. We stood out in the road alongside our respective cars, and decided that this was as far as we could go with this endeavour. Naosherwan and Mahrukh had planned to spend another night in the area, and I was getting ready for the long drive back home. I would say that we were within a minute of leaving, when a small pickup truck came up the road to the house and turned into the driveway. A minute later and we would have totally missed it. Wow! I felt a tingle of excitement at this timing.
Again, the Glow journal and Lord Meher in hand, we walked back up to the house. Getting out of the pickup truck with a dog was a young woman and we went up to her and quickly said who we were and what our business was there. I didn't want her to immediately think that we were selling something. To our relief she was rather immediately friendly, and to our surprise said, “Oh yes, Meher Baba, somebody was here a few years ago from California, coming to look at this place for the same reason. “I had a quick thought in response to this. It was of relief that she had heard of Meher Baba in connection with this house, so that what we were doing had that measure of legitimacy.
The woman invited us into the house. Indeed, she was one of two Klein sisters who lived or spent time there, although she herself lived in Boston and just came up on weekends and other vacation time. Sometime near the end of our visit the other sister, who was the full time resident of the house, returned, and we briefly met her. They had almost no other recollection of the previous visitor from the West Coast, and also had never otherwise heard of Meher Baba. The person that we had most of our conversation with had never heard of Cath Gardner, and did not know how or from whom the estate had originally been acquired by her grandparents. It was interesting to find out that both sisters were documentary film makers, and we showed a short video of Meher Baba to the first one. She said that she had always been interested in making a film about her great grandmother on her grandmother's side, whom she referred to as “The Countess,” and she said that if she did that it ought to include something about Meher Baba.
It turns out that The Countess is the same person whom our informant at the historical society had referred to as Elsa Tudor. She had married a European Count, Msr. De Pierrefeu, and thenceforth was referred to as The Countess. She was a very unusual and remarkable woman, and Naosherwan, Mahrukh and I were struck by her significance in the whole picture. She was a poet, a mystic, and interested in Eastern philosophy, and in general a strong woman who was ahead of her time. She had been in correspondence with Gandhi, and at one point was thinking of going to India to be with him. We were then shown a book of her poetry and writings titled, "Unity Of The Spirit". We wondered if she could have been involved with Theosophy, and this could have led to a connection with Cath Gardner, and then the purchase of the property by her son-in-law from Cath. Her great grandaughter, Ms. Klein, thought that was quite possible.
With the meeting with Ms. Klein in the living room of the farm house, which indeed had been preserved with the original fireplace from over 150 years ago, and certainly as it was when Meher Baba was there, and the discussion of the family background, and finding about the fascinating Countess who was a possible link to Cath Gardner and then to Meher Baba and his coming here, my whole feeling about this visit had changed. I indeed now felt Meher Baba's presence in all this and the unfoldment of these events in the late afternoon in Hancock. And this presence of Meher Baba was so characteristic of His way of working. Not a presence that was abstract and fixed like a building or a stone wall, or even an old fireplace, but a presence that showed itself in perfect timing, in the play of events, and in the warmth of human exchange.
In our earlier meeting at the historical society, we had found out that the deeds of property exchange from as far back as the 1930's were not kept in Hancock, but in the Hall of Records in the county seat in Nashua. Only a summary note called a Real Estate Conveyance with book and page number of the original deeds were kept in Hancock. We thought it perhaps might be useful for additional information to try to look back at the original records of Cath Gardner's purchase and sale of this property, but that would have to be at another time and another day. A few days later after returning home, I spoke on the phone with Michael Siegell in Cambridge, Massachusetts and told him about what we had found on our visit to Hancock. He said that it just so happened that for another reason he was planning a trip to Nashua, and that he would be interested in making a visit to the Hall of Records to see if he could find this information.
One day,explaining to Cath Gardner about leading a spiritual life, Meher Baba observed:
People always make a mistake when they talk of leading a simple life.
To live such a life is infinitely difficult. Outwardly, a person may
wear plain garments and have a simple diet, but this is not living
a simple life! The spiritual life is lived when a person is free of
all desires, thus becoming completely open and guileless.
What is the use of only outwardly living such a way? The elaborate
dress of desires and longings is there, side by side with a feasting
ego! The real meaning of leading a simple life is to be totally
desireless, and to become desireless is impossible without a feeling
of love for God.
This letter from Cath Gardner to Meher Baba is enclosed with a cover letter to Kitty Davy,
asking Kitty to get the letter or information to Meher Baba. She says to Kitty, “I have come to the end of my resources and cannot do any more to save it
[the farm].” Then, noting that this is 1933, we find her telling Kitty, “I am sorry that things have turned out as they have with regard to this
place, but the depression has hit me hard.” We can sense her distress in all of this.
Then on October 19, 1933 is a letter to her from Herbert Davy, and signed in Meher Baba's own hand, MS. Irani. It informs her that Meher Baba has transferred the deed back over to her ( this being the deed that Michael Seigell found in the Hall of Records in New Hampshire - see documents below. ) Then it asks her to send the proceeds of the sale to him, Herbert Davy, and says that the money will be used to finance the publications of Meher Baba in translations in several languages.
The next letter in the collection is dated November 5 1933 from Cath Gardner at the Krotona Institute to Herbert Davy acknowledging her receipt of his letter of October 19, as well as well as the signed deed from Meher Baba. She says that as soon as the sale is made she will return a mortgage payment that had been advanced by Kitty, and then any other sum remaining after all other expenses are paid and her equity in the property recovered by her. She then says in regard to the mortgage that “it was understood that this was to be taken care of and that I would not be responsible for it,” and this had evidently not happened apart from the one mortgage payment that Kitty had made. The rest of the letter continues to express her frustration over what has or has not occurred in regard to the finances of the farm: “I have written repeatedly telling of the condition of the house and my inability to deal with the situation while it was out of my hands. I wish it to be clearly understood by all concerned that I gladly and freely gave the house to Shri Meher Baba. It was not possible however in my present financial condition to continue to be financially responsible for the expenses of the mortgage, taxes and repairs without the power to sell when I was no longer able to pay these . . . I have, of course, lost heavily on the whole thing . . . I tried to make myself clear about the mortgage to Shri Meher Baba at the time of the gift of the farm, but think that perhaps I did not succeed in doing this.”
The final letter is from Herbert Davy to Cath Gardner, and is dated January 19, 1934. He acknowledges the receipt of received money from her covering what Kitty had advanced. He then says, “I am sorry that a lack of business sense and punctuality has led to such confusion and caused you so much unnecessary anxiety. But this result, the repayment at par to my sister for the amount she advanced, is satisfactory to us personally and is better than foreclosure would have been for either party.”
So, we can see that the end of Hancock as a centre for Meher Baba did not come about because of an overt decision by Him that it was unsuitable, but through more natural means — a leak in a roof, and problems with paying a mortgage. If not for a leaky roof, who knows, the Meher Spiritual Centre may be in a much colder climate today. We also get an idea from the above exchange of why Cath Gardner, following her early encounter with Meher Baba, does not appear again in Meher Baba literature.
She remained in Ojai as an active Theosophist, taking a different spiritual path from this period until her death in 1987. People there who knew her described her as “a very special person,” and we can surmise that the “blaze of glory, radiant with light,” that she experienced with Meher Baba continued with her at the Krotona Institute until the end.
Michael Siegell conducted a thorough search of the Boston Public Library for material relevant to this property and also the whole visit of Meher Baba's 1931 tour of the USA.
The documents below show the legal paperwork required to transfer this property.
The documents are courtesy of Michael Siegell.
Catherine Gardner did meet Meher Baba again on his later travels to California.
Elsa Tudor's family members bought the house from Cath Gardner in 1935 and her family still own the property to this day.
She was born 1878 Mass., and died 1966 in New Hamphsire.
Married Alain D.DePierrefeu in 1904. In 1916, Elsa married Joseph Deniels. They had one son.
THE LEGAL PAPERS IN TRANSFERING THE PROPERTY TO M.S. IRANI & LATER RETURNING THE PROPERTY TO CATH GARDNER MAYES.
THE ABOVE DOCUMENTS WERE OBTAINED COURTESY OF MICHAEL SIEGALL.
|Hancock, New Hampshire|
|— Town —|
|Hillsborough County, New Hampshire|
|- Board of Selectmen||
John Jordan, Chair
|- Total||31.2 sq mi (80.9 km2)|
|- Land||30.0 sq mi (77.6 km2)|
|- Water||1.2 sq mi (3.2 km2) 4.00%|
|Elevation||876 ft (267 m)|
|- Density||58.0/sq mi (22.4/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (UTC-5)|
|- Summer (DST)||Eastern (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0873618|
Hancock is a town in Hillsborough County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 1,739 at the 2000 census. The 2009 population was estimated to be 1,824. Hancock is home to the Welch Family Farm Forest.
Hancock started as an unidentified settlement on the Contoocook River, in lands known as Society Land or Cumberland, which had been reserved for the proprietors of the lands which became New Hampshire. First settled in 1764, the town was set off from Peterborough and incorporated in 1779, named Hancock in honor of John Hancock. A landowner of 1,875 acres (8 km2) in the community, Hancock was the first governor of the state of Massachusetts, president of the Continental Congress, and signer of the Declaration of Independence.
Almost every building on Main Street in downtown Hancock is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Hancock's Meetinghouse is home to Paul Revere's #236 bell, which chimes on the hour, day and night. The town does not have traditional sidewalks, but gravel paths leading from home to home.
- Oren B. Cheney, abolitionist, Free Baptist preacher, founder of Bates College
- Person C. Cheney, U.S. Senator from New Hampshire
- Joseph Grew, United States Ambassador to Japan
- Sam Huntington, actor
- Howard Mansfield, author
- Charles E. Merrill Jr., educator
- Jay Pierrepont Moffat, United States Ambassador to Canada
- Sy Montgomery, author, adventurer
- Lilla Cabot Perry, artist
- Wallace Tripp, illustrator
- Elizabeth Yates, author and historian
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 31.2 square miles (81 km2), of which 30.0 sq mi (78 km2) are land and 1.2 sq mi (3.1 km2) are water, comprising 4.00% of the town. Hancock is drained by the Contoocook River. Powder Mill Pond is in the east, and Nubanusit Lake is on the western border. Skatutakee Mountain, the highest point in Hancock, has an elevation of 2,002 feet (610 m) above sea level. Hancock lies fully within the Merrimack River watershed.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,739 people, 706 households, and 494 families residing in the town. The population density was 58.0 people per square mile (22.4/km²). There were 814 housing units at an average density of 27.2/sq mi (10.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.39% White, 0.23% African American, 0.29% Native American, 0.40% Asian, 0.06% from other races, and 0.63% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.40% of the population.
There were 706 households out of which 31.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.6% were married couples living together, 5.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.9% were non-families. 25.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.94.
In the town the population was spread out with 25.0% under the age of 18, 3.9% from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 28.3% from 45 to 64, and 16.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 92.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.2 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $55,000, and the median income for a family was $64,423. Males had a median income of $40,000 versus $31,200 for females. The per capita income for the town was $29,445. About 2.7% of families and 3.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.6% of those under age 18 and 4.1% of those age 65 or over.
Sites of interest
- Hancock Historical Society Museum
- Very Long Baseline Array radio telescope
- ^ "2009 Population Estimates of New Hampshire Cities and Towns". NH Office of Energy and Planning. http://www.nh.gov/oep/programs/DataCenter/Population/documents/population_estimates.pdf. Retrieved 2010-10-27.
- ^ Foster, Debra H.; Batorfalvy, Tatianna N.; and Medalie, Laura (1995). Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers. U.S. Department of the Interior and U.S. Geological Survey. http://nh.water.usgs.gov/Publications/nh.intro.html.
- ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Town website
- Hancock Historical Society
- History of Hancock, New Hampshire
- Various town records 1749-1883 online at Footnote.com
- New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile